Acne scars are one of the most painful types of acne scarring. The formation of acne scars is often triggered by the over production of sebum – a fatty material which protects your skin and hair and also lubricates the follicles. When the sebum plugs up the follicles, it creates a source of inflammation and irritation. Bacteria then cause infection within and on the surface of the epidermis. When this happens, the skin gets inflamed and damaged.
There are several different acne scar treatment options. Treatments may include either using topical creams or taking oral antibiotics. The type of treatment you choose will depend upon the severity of your condition. Some of these treatments can even be performed at home. However, your dermatologist can make the best recommendations for the right treatment, as he or she specializes in the field of dermatology.
Topical creams used to treat acne scars include salicylic acid, which is often sold over the counter under the names Restylane and Clearasil. These creams can help to moisturize and soothe the affected area. They can be used in conjunction with lasers, which are also used to fill in acne scars, though lasers cannot be used to remove existing scars. Your dermatologist can tell you if lasers are right for your situation.
Laser skin resurfacing is another common type of acne scar treatment. This procedure involves using a high-energy laser device to remove the top layers of the affected area, allowing newer, less wrinkled skin to grow there. The process is similar to dermabrasion, but lasers are much more effective.
Some people are plagued by small, spider-like growths on the surface of their skin. These scars, which can range in size from a golf ball to a pinhead, do not fade, but can be reduced with medications and surgical procedures. These types of dermal growths typically appear as age spots or spider veins and can be treated with over-the-counter treatments or lasers. If your spots are particularly bad, ask your dermatologist about the possibility of laser treatments.
Microdermabrasion and chemical peels are often used to treat acne scars, too. These treatments can remove the outer layers of skin cells and help to reduce the appearance of discoloration. If discoloration is caused by natural aging, you may not want to go with a chemical peel. In fact, those with severely damaged skin may find it in your best interest to wait until the acne has gone away before undergoing any of these types of treatments.